Written by Andrew McNamee, Manager of Public Policy
Congress must pass a farm bill this year. What are we doing to help?
The “farm bill” is the primary legislative vehicle authorizing the U.S. Government’s (USG) agriculture and nutrition assistance programs. An authorization bill must be passed every five years so that the programs funded by the U.S. Government are authorized to spend money that has been appropriated.
The Agricultural Act of 2014, which is the current law authorizing agricultural and nutrition assistance programs, expires September 2018. It is critical that new authorizing legislation is passed before the expiration date to ensure there is no interruption in program authorization. The House and Senate Agriculture Committees are hard at work writing the bill, and our Washington, D.C. team is meeting with Committee members and their staffs to advocate for beneficial changes in how nutrition assistance programs operate.
On the domestic programs authorized by the farm bill, we will continue to defend the need for and integrity of the programs. We will oppose any effort to cut the Supplemental Nutrition Incentive Program (SNAP), which is the USG’s largest and most important nutrition assistance program. Some Members of Congress have suggested converting SNAP into state-controlled block grants that the state governments could redirect to priorities other than nutrition. We will oppose any such effort.
On international policy, we will promote language that would relax the requirement that Food for Peace programs be funded through the sale of U.S. commodities on local markets in-country, which can distort such markets. We will also advocate for changes to “cargo preference,” or the requirement that most food aid must be transported in U.S.-registered vessels, which can drive up costs and delays.
Our Washington, D.C. team will be advocating on the farm bill in the coming weeks and months. Our goal is for a re-authorization bill that includes critical reforms to pass before the current authorizing legislation expires in September.